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Types of Brain Blood Clots, Their Causes, and Treatment

by Olivia Rodriguez

Last Updated on April 29, 2024 by Jawad Ali

A blood clot in the brain arises when a blood vessel ruptures and fills with blood, resulting in an arterial blockage. When this occurs, the brain may be starved of oxygen due to the cutoff. This can harm brain cells and potentially result in death. We can take the treatment from Paediatric Orthopaedic Hospital in Jaipur and from Neurology hospital in jaipur.

While some people may have a minor occurrence of this event with no symptoms, others may have more significant problems, such as seizures or death. However, even before any of these things occur, you may notice certain warning signals that you should be aware of. If you have any of these symptoms, you should seek treatment for a blood clot in the brain.

Blood clots are blood clumps that develop when you are harmed in order to limit blood loss. But what if a blood clot forms within your blood arteries, obstructing blood flow? It has the potential to be quite hazardous. Blood clots are classified into two types: thrombosis and embolism.

Let’s learn more about them and the causes and management of blood clots in the brain.

Blood Clot Varieties

Thrombosis is the creation of a blood clot in the body when a blood vessel gets injured and filled with blood. This might be as a result of trauma or another medical problem. These blood clots are not moving.

Embolism happens when a foreign item blocks an artery. This can happen when an artery is clogged by a blood clot, clotting substance, or even tissue. These blood clots frequently travel from their original location in the brain to another one.

Symptoms of a Brain Blood Clot

Intense and persistent headaches – You may have a headache that does not go away with rest. Even if you are not physically active, your brain will continue to experience pain and suffering. A blood clot can also cause sudden headaches, pressure in the brain, and numbness across the face and body.

Sudden difficulties such as slurring in speech – When your brain is deprived of oxygen, it suffers damage, which affects the way you talk. You may notice that your speech gets slurred or slower. These speech impairments might be symptoms of a blood clot in the brain.

Blurry vision – Blurry vision is one of the first signs of a blood clot in the brain. When your brain is deprived of oxygen, it suffers and you may have hazy vision. You may notice that the scene in front of you seems foggy or blurry.

Uncontrollable motor functions – As brain injury progresses, you may experience uncontrollable shaking or tremors. These might be modest at first but become more severe as the obstruction worsens.

Seizures – Seizures can occur when a blood clot gets to a particular size. These seizures are often brief, although they can be prolonged and severe.

Dizziness – Dizziness can occur when your brain is depleted of oxygen. You may experience dizziness or fainting.

Paralysis can occur as a result of a blood clot growing in size. Depending on the location of the blood clot, it may induce acute paralysis in particular portions of the body.

What are the reasons/causes for the creation of a blood clot in the brain?

Several variables, such as, can contribute to the formation of blood clots.

Obesity – One of the leading causes of blood clots in the brain is obesity. Fat cells are more prone to clotting, and having a high body mass index (BMI) increases your chance of getting a blood clot in the brain.

Smoking – Smoking damages blood vessels and is one of the leading causes of blood clots. Smoking reduces the amount of nitrogen oxide (NO) in the blood. It can also induce thrombosis and embolism in blood arteries, which can contribute to hypertension.

Birth control pills – Birth control pills have the potential to cause a blood clot in the brain. It can interfere with the release of oestrogen in the body, making you more prone to blood clots.

Brain Trauma – According to certain research, brain trauma can result in a blood clot in the brain. Trauma to the head frequently results in brain haemorrhage, which can lead to a blood clot.

Atherosclerosis, commonly known as plaque, is the hardening of the arteries caused by the buildup of fat and calcium in the blood vessel wall. These plaques might be damaged. Platelets may deposit and form clots at the site of injury as a result.

Brain Blood Clot Diagnosis

Blood testing – A blood test will be performed by the doctor to search for evidence of a blood clot in the brain. It will seek for protein in the circulation as a sign that the brain is bleeding.

An ultrasound scan can be used to determine the size and form of the brain. This may provide information about the location of the blood clot and where it originated.

CT scans can be used to detect blood clots in the brain. They are more precise than other imaging techniques and can give additional information about the nature of the blood clot.

Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) – MRAs can be used to scan blood arteries and detect blockages or abnormalities. It may also be used to seek for the source of the blood clot and analyse the blood flow in the brain.

V/Q scans can be used to determine the oxygen levels in the blood. It can determine the quantity of arterial and venous blood flow as well as any obstruction or clotting in the blood vessels.

Treatment of brain blood clots

Medications that prevent clotting

This therapy for a blood clot in the brain includes that thin the blood and keep it from clotting. People with a history of blood clots are given it, as are individuals who have had a stroke caused by a blood clot. Anticoagulants and antiplatelets, such as warfarin, may be prescribed by your doctor to prevent the formation of another clot.


Thrombolytics are medications that break blood clots quickly and are used in emergency situations such as stroke. Heparin is an example.

Thrombectomy via Mechanical Means

Mechanical thrombolysis is a surgical treatment used to remove a blood clot from the brain. The blood clot can be extracted from the main artery and out of the brain using a mesh-equipped device.

Brain surgery to remove blood clots

Your doctor may advise you to have surgery to remove the blood clots. There are two forms of surgery used to remove blood clots in the brain.

Burr hole drainage entails drilling a tiny hole in the skull and emptying the blood clot from the brain to relieve pressure.

Craniotomy entails removing a portion of the skull and reattaching it to remove the blood clot.


A blood clot in the brain can cause a variety of symptoms. Slurred speech can range from a small nuisance to a full-blown stroke that causes paralysis. If you are having these symptoms, see your doctor at a reputable hospital like Max right once to receive correct blood clot in brain therapy.

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