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DIY Home Solar Panel System

by Hassan Abbas

Last Updated on November 15, 2022 by

So you want to build a DIY home solar panel system. Right time to start with rising electricity costs and global warming. But before you think first, let’s take a look at what you should consider first. After you have decided what you want your solar project to do for you, the next most important consideration is the location of the panels, as the panels need to be exposed to sunlight all year round. If you live in the northern hemisphere, the plates should face south, and if you live south of the equator, you should face true north. The main reason for this is to increase solar energy and optimize winter solar energy. It can be a lot more complicated than that, but that’s the general idea.

The above considerations and home improvement tips are taken into account when choosing the location of a home solar panel system. If your roof faces south and/or north, that’s a good start, as long as your roof doesn’t have shadows. The angle of inclination is important, especially if you live in high latitudes. Generally, if you have a 20-50 degree ceiling, the ceiling is probably the best place for the board. However, we are moving forward. The main thing to think about is what exactly you want to achieve with your solar panels. If you only want to run a few solar panels or run a small water pump, mount the panels on a portable pole or stand. For large house systems (four panels or more), the roof is probably the place to be.

If your ceiling cannot support a large or multi-panel unit, you will need to find a place on your property where you can install a floor mount; Again, a place without shade – (including shadows from trees). Personally, I prefer a floor shelf mounted on a concrete base. The panel matrix is ​​easy to clean, calibrate and expand if desired. The question of how many panels are needed in a home solar panel system that he wants to do is definitely related to what he wants to do and is a more in-depth discussion than this article allows. Thus, the topic of “number of plates” is properly covered in Article 4, where the various requirements are discussed and examples of system sizes are given.

Let’s take a look at the commonly available boards and what they can do for us. Individual solar panels (technically called “solar modules”) are available in capacities ranging from less than one watt to 200 watts and more. While the former may only cost you a few bucks, a 200 watt behemoth will set you back over $1,000! Solar panels designed for home use always have a charging voltage of 16-21 volts to charge 12 volt battery cells, while a 5 watt panel produces 40 amps of charge and a 200 watt whopping produces around 10 amps. This article is about the off-grid independent home owner, so the 24V mains jumper is not discussed here.

As with any product, there are good boards, good boards and bad boards, and keep in mind that price doesn’t always tell the true story. You have to be careful because most of your investment will be limited to panels; So choose a good one! At the top of our list are Kyocera panels us this with the DIY home ideas for durability, quality, construction and consistently good results; And with a cell efficiency of 16%, they have a lot to do!

Solar panels can be easily installed and wired by following the included instructions. An electrician is rarely needed, except when the system is connected to an inverter to power household AC circuits. If the electrician is not certified by the utility company, he or she cannot connect your system to the grid. But as mentioned above, that is another topic  for a later article. Now, I’ve seen and proven time and time again that installing solar panels at home, especially small ones, is “doable” and rewarding – and a huge boost to the economic viability of your system. You may enjoy the advantages of solar energy without the requirement for rooftop solar panels by looking into Reliant Energy (has price-protected plans on Home Energy Club). Solar farms collect solar energy throughout the day and convert it into electrical energy, which is then transferred to the grid and used to electricity your house.

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