Last Updated on October 22, 2022 by Hamna Nouman
In the US, a bulletproof vest is a common and effective piece of self-defense gear. In order to safeguard oneself against piercing objects and ballistic missiles, both armed personnel and civilians frequently wear bulletproof vests.
You might or might not require a bulletproof vest, but from time to time, you must have been inquisitive and wondered how a bulletproof vest works to stop a bullet and shield a wearer from harm.
Let’s examine the function and use of bulletproof vests in further depth in this post. But first, let’s examine what a bullet does to the human body so that we may better comprehend the science behind a bulletproof vest.
How Bad Is A Gunshot Wound?
Most individuals have never witnessed, much less experienced, a gunshot injury. You’ve been seeing too many movies if you think a 1 centimeter piece of metal can’t do much harm. Like in movies, a genuine gunshot wound is nothing like those.
A gunshot wound can seriously harm the body, causing blood vessels to bleed, bones to break, organs to be destroyed, and other major injuries that may take months or years to cure (if the patient survives). A bullet’s lethality is not due to its size, but rather to its speed.
The start of a bullet, which is made of solid metal, is placed atop a cylindrical incendiary that contains metal, according to the anatomy of a bullet. The primer, which is located at the back of the bullet, serves as a fuse to ignite the explosive.
When the cartridge explodes, the gases and heat within rapidly expand, pushing the bullet to go out at an incredible speed with the ability to pierce anything in its path. The bullet isn’t the main bad guy here, though. Instead, the speed at which a bullet strikes a person’s body causes a shockwave that breaks bone, damages muscular tissue, and decimates internal organs. eventually resulting in a fatality.
What Is Purpose Of Bulletproof Vests?
These bulletproof vests can protect a person against a variety of ballistic projectiles, as their name implies. The armor of today against a ballistic danger is a bulletproof vest.
As you are aware, the US offers a variety of firearms and ammunition, each with a varied level of capability. Accordingly, there are many tiers of bulletproof vests that can withstand an amount of bullet impact.
How Does A Bulletproof Vest Work?
Contrary to what you might have observed or assumed, bulletproof jackets are constructed of fibers. The fibers utilized in these vests, however, are very unlike from the ones you are now donning. Kevlar Aramid fiber is used to make most bulletproof jackets.
Poly-para-phenylene terephthalamide is the chemical ingredient used to create the carbon fibre known as Kevlar. Kevlar fiber gains exceptional toughness and endurance as a result.
A vest is created from these strands by stacking them on top of one another. A bulletproof vest’s fibers absorb the force of the hit and stop the projectile, sparing the wearer’s life. Ballistic plates also help save lives by offering strong defense against rifle-caliber projectiles.
Let’s use an easy example to explain it. Throw a stone at a newspaper that is hung with all your power. You’ll see that the bullet has left a sizable hole in the newspaper.
After that, hang any type of fabric and attempt to pierce it with the same stone. You will see that the energy of the stone was absorbed by the fabric, slowing its speed. The bulletproof operates similarly to the towel example from above.
Nevertheless, you should be aware that no matter how strong a bulletproof vest is, it cannot be completely bulletproof. Furthermore, the impact of the bullet will still be powerful enough to fracture bones or leave bruises.